Why Frankfurt needs the cycling referendum

Everybody benefits from a good cycling infrastructure. This is where you find out why.

Frankfurt is facing many challenges:

Rapid population growth

  • more inhabitants have to make do with the same space
  • rising number of commuters
  • congested roads and overburdened local transport
  • the threat of traffic collapse

Health risks for citizens

  • air pollution (increased emission of nitrogen oxides and particulate matter)
  • high levels of noise pollution on traffic routes

  • obesity and lack of exercise

issues of the future

  • more delivery traffic due to expanding online trade

  • street spaces increasingly heat up during the summer months

We believe that an increase of bicycle traffic contributes to the solution, for the following reasons:

Cycling is good for you

  • because it is the fastest way to travel short distances in large cities: cycling is usually the fastest means of transport for distances of up to 5 kilometres. For distances of up to 20 kilometres, travelling by pedelec is comparable to travelling by car. 🔗

  • because it is healthy: cyclists have a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular disease, suffer less from stress, have a better metabolism as well as healthier joints. 🔗(pdf)

  • because you are flexible: you do not have to wait for trains, which sometimes can be cancelled – with a bike you can travel from door to door, without wasting time looking for a parking space.

  • because you never get stuck in traffic jams: motorists, on the other hand, do. Every year, motorists in Germany are stuck in traffic jams for a combined total of 535,000 years! 🔗

  • because the purchase and maintenance of a bike are substantially more economical than a car: according to the ‘car cost calculator’ of the automobile club ADAC, even the cheapest car costs 327€ per month! 🔗

  • because it is fun – as long as the infrastructure is up to scratch!


traffic is good for society

  • because it solves traffic problems: bikes require far less space than cars. While driving, a car takes up four times the space of a bike. When parked, it even takes up ten times as much space. 🔗

  • because it causes neither emissions nor noise and is thus friendly to people and the environment.

  • because cycling infrastructure is inexpensive in construction and maintenance: building a meter of bike path is six times cheaper than building a meter of road. 

  • because it saves costs: cycling saves society 16 cents per travelled kilometre (especially due to lower health expenditures), motorists meanwhile cost society 15 cents per travelled kilometre. 🔗

  • because cycling customers shop locally and spend more money: while cyclists buy less per purchase, they shop more frequently. 🔗(pdf)

In the end, all Frankfurters benefit from a high proportion of bicycle traffic!

Moreover, due to its short distances and favourable topography, Frankfurt offers good conditions for cycling.

Many people have already realised this and would like to cycle more.

However, the share of journeys travelled by bike amounts to only 13% in Frankfurt. In comparison, in cities such as Amsterdam and Copenhagen this share is twice as high.


  • Kopenhagen 29% 29%
  • Amsterdam 32% 32%
  • Frankfurt 13% 13%

Why is this the case? In 2017, the Federal Ministry of Transport carried out a survey among Germans on the topic of cycling (🔗):


of cyclists feel unsafe on the roads in mixed traffic.


of the respondents want the government to construct more bike lanes.


of cyclists feel unsafe on the roads in mixed traffic.


of the respondents want the government to construct more bike lanes.

Experts for bicycle traffic agree that the wide-spread feeling of insecurity is the most important factor preventing more bicycle traffic.

Cyclists only feel safe in bike lanes that are structurally separate from the rest of traffic.

Investments in bicycle traffic improve the safety of cyclists – as shown in a recent study on road safety. 🔗

A cyclist in Copenhagen has an accident risk that is 13 times smaller than that of a cyclist in Frankfurt, while cyclists in Amsterdam have an accident risk that is 8 times smaller.

The city of Copenhagen invests more than €35 per inhabitant per annum into its cycling infrastructure. The city of Amsterdam invests €11 per inhabitant.

And Frankfurt? No more than €4.30.

Quelle: statista.com

A better cycling infrastructure not only improves the sense of security, it also reduces the actual risk of accidents and thus encourages more people to travel by bicycle.

That is why we are advocating for a better cycling infrastructure –

to maintain and improve the quality of life in Frankfurt!

Frequently Asked Questions

Why support bicycle traffic at all?

We believe that bicycles can be a great means of transportation for all Frankfurters – if the right infrastructure is in place. On the one hand, cycling is good for you: it is healthy and it is fun. On the other, cycling is also good for everybody else. Bikes take up less space on roads than cars[1], they do not produce any CO2 emissions, nitrogen oxides or particulate matter[2] and they are very quiet[3]. More bicycle traffic in Frankfurt is therefore good for everyone, not only for cyclists. For these reasons we at Radentscheid Frankfurt (cycling referendum Frankfurt) believe the city of Frankfurt should do more to support bicycle traffic.

[1] Zukunft Mobilität
[2] Umweltbundesamt (n.d.)
[3] Ibid.

Why should one means of transportation be preferred to the others (car, public transport, walking)?

We do not want bikes to be privileged. We want all means of transportation to be supported in an appropriate and balanced manner, so that all Frankfurters are free to choose the right means of transportation for their particular purpose and route.

Presently, the car is the most frequented means of transportation on the streets of Frankfurt: 61 % of all Personenkilometer (kilometres travelled multiplied by the number of transported persons, i.e. 2 people travelling 10 kilometres by car will have travelled 20 Personenkilometer) are currently being travelled by passengers in cars, whereas only 7 % can be attributed to cyclists[1]. We want this to change. In our view, cars have been given preferential treatment in traffic planning in the last decades. We want to achieve a more balanced situation and that is why we believe that more support should be given to bike traffic.

Forecasts assume that Frankfurt’s population will further grow, to up to 810,000 inhabitants in the year 2030[2]. Most likely, the high number of commuters from the surrounding cities and towns will also increase. The commuting traffic accounts for approximately 57 % of kilometres driven by cars in Frankfurt[3]. We believe that the bicycle can also play an important role as a means of transportation for commuters from outside of Frankfurt.

We at Radentscheid believe that the traffic infrastructure in Frankfurt has already reached its limits, especially during the rush hour in the morning and evening. We fear that if even more people decide to use the car, the situation might become completely unbearable. A shift of traffic towards other means of transportation, including bicycles, but also public transportation and walking, will free up space in the streets and will thus make additional traffic manageable.

[1] Stadt Frankfurt am Main, Verkehrsdezernat (2015), p. 9
[2] Ibid., p. 12
[3] Fraunhofer IBP (2015), p. 53

The city is already committed to cycling: it has developed its mobility strategy and has established a bureau for cycling. Why do we need a referendum?
Why are the bike lanes that you are demanding necessary? Cyclists can also use the streets.

Many people are already cycling in Frankfurt, on the streets or on poor bike lanes. This is, however, no reason not to want to improve the situation for cyclists. Many people presently do not ride bikes because they do not feel safe on the road. According to a representative survey conducted by the federal ministry of transport (Bundesverkehrsministerium), 47 % of the participating cyclists feel unsafe in road traffic[1]. In our opinion, this would change with a better infrastructure.

The bus lanes that already exist in some places are no alternative either. Many people feel uncomfortable when they have to cycle in the same lane as large vehicles such as buses; the very different ways of driving of cyclists (in comparison slow but continuous) and buses (faster but with stops in-between) leads to a game of cat-and-mouse: at bus stops, cyclists overtake, just to be overtaken again by the bus. The many overtaking manoeuvres are dangerous.

We believe that with a well-developed, wide and, where possible and necessary, structurally separate cycling infrastructure, many people who presently do not dare to cycle in city traffic would also start using bicycles.

[1] Bundesministerium für Verkehr und digitale Infrastruktur (2017), p. 10

Cyclists are only a minority. Why should traffic planning be suited to your needs?
What about people that can’t ride a bike? To ride a bike you have to be physically fit.
Why do you want to reduce the space for cars on the roads?
What will happen to parking spaces along the streets?
You cannot always take the bike; sometimes it’s just too far or you have to transport something that’s too large or too heavy. What am I supposed to do if I need a car occasionally?

We do not claim that everyone should always go by bike. We want all Frankfurters to have the possibility of going by bike. That does not exclude the possibility of taking a car for large errands, family outings or for any other reason. We do not want to completely do away with cars or any other means of transportation. However, we believe that going by bike, walking or using public transport is good for our environment, is quieter, produces less pollution and saves space. This is positive for all Frankfurters.

We think that, especially for short distances up to 5 km, the bike is often the best choice, because you are faster than on foot, you do not have to wait for the bus or train and can easily find a parking spot.[1]. With a better developed infrastructure and an e-bike (Pedelec), this distance can be extended even further, which should be more than enough for most routes within Frankfurt.

[1] Umweltbundesamt (2016)

Won’t the additional bicycle traffic bother pedestrians and motorists? Even now, cyclists often disregard traffic rules.
Won’t the additional bicycle traffic obstruct delivery vehicles?
Won’t the retail sector lose customers if car traffic is reduced?
How are these measures going to be financed?